Other features included Resume, which allowed apps to reopen if closed, and Auto Save. Apps from iOS devices were also brought over: Reminders, Notes and Messages, which brought iMessage to the Mac for the first time; Notification Center alerted users to new emails, messages, software updates or calendar alerts; Dictation converted words into text; and a new Sharing button allowed the sharing of photos, videos, files and links with Mail, Messages and AirDrop.
Finally, Gatekeeper helped protect users from downloading and installing malicious software to their Macs by only permitting users to install apps from the Mac App Store and other identified developers.
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It replaced its big cat naming convention with places in Apple's home state of California; thus Mavericks was named after a popular surfing spot. To match the design overhaul of iOS 7 , OS X Yosemite discarded the skeumorphic interface it had used for over 10 years. The update included a flat graphic design, blurred translucence effects, a two-dimensional Dock that iterated the one used in Tiger , updated icons, light and dark color schemes, and the first time ever replacement of the default system typeface from Lucida Grande to Helvetica Neue.
With Continuity , Macs could now receive and make calls from an iPhone on the same Wifi network.
The new Photos app replaced iPhoto and integrated photos from iCloud or an iOS device into one place. Mail allowed marking up attachments right in the app, and Mail Drop allowed users to send large files up to 5GB without having to worry about an email client's limitations. Finally, iCloud Drive let users store all types of files in one place and access them from any device. It enhanced the design and usability of OS X Yosemite with performance and security improvements.
Features included Split View, which placed two full screen apps side by side; a streamlined Mission Control, which made it easier to see all open windows in one place; a smarter Spotlight that delivered results for weather, sports, stock, web, video and transit directions and can deliver information using natural language; a refreshed Maps app that included public transit information for some U.
Sierra brought a variety of changes, most notably the arrival of Siri on the Mac desktop. Users could access Siri in the upper right-hand corner of the menu bar between the Notification Center and Spotlight menu icons, a Dock icon, the menu bar icon or a hot key. The voice-activated assistant could help users find files, get quick access to information like the weather or perform searches, with search results that could be saved and pinned to the Notifications area.
Other changes in Sierra included a Universal Clipboard, which allowed text to be copied from one Apple device to another; iCloud Desktop and Documents, for syncing data across Macs using the cloud; Auto Unlock, which allowed the Apple Watch to unlock a macOS account; and Apple Pay on the web. Photos received a new Memories feature that automatically created curated collections of users' favorite photos and videos.
Sierra also delivered more than 60 security fixes. Metal 2 furthers graphics capabilities and natural language processing, and developers will be able to create interactive virtual reality experiences on a Mac for the first time. A refreshed Photos app makes searching for and organizing photos easier and contains advanced editing tools. Safari becomes faster and contains new features like Intelligent Tracking Prevention to remove cross-site tracking data from advertisers. Safari also automatically disables those annoying autoplaying videos with audio for a quieter browsing experience.
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Apple plans to require that all application software for MacOS be approved by Apple first. Offering a checking service as an option could be useful and would not be wrong.
Creative Cloud support for Mac OS
Requiring users to get Apple's approval is tyranny. Apple says the check will only look for malware not counting the malware that is part of the operating system , but Apple could change that policy step by step. Or perhaps Apple will define malware to include any app that China does not like.
For free software, this means users will need to get Apple's approval after compilation.
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This amounts to a system of surveilling the use of free programs. It was Apple that introduced the practice of designing general purpose computers with censorship of application programs. Here is an article about the code signing that the iThings use to lock up the user. Curiously, Apple is beginning to allow limited passage through the walls of the iThing jail: users can now install apps built from source code, provided the source code is written in Swift.
Users cannot do this freely because they are required to identify themselves. Here are details. While this is a crack in the prison walls, it is not big enough to mean that the iThings are no longer jails. Apple has banned the app that Hong Kong protesters use to communicate. Apple censors the Taiwan flag in iOS on behalf of the Chinese government.
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When the region is set to Hong Kong, this flag is not visible in the emoji selection widget but is still accessible. Thus, not only does Apple use the App Store as an instrument of censorship, it also uses the iThing operating system for that purpose. Users caught in the jail of an iMonster are sitting ducks for other attackers , and the app censorship prevents security companies from figuring out how those attacks work. Apple's censorship of apps is fundamentally unjust, and would be inexcusable even if it didn't lead to security threats as well. Apple is censoring apps for the US government too.
Specifically, it is deleting apps developed by Iranians. The root of these wrongs are in Apple. If Apple had not designed the iMonsters to let Apple censor applications, Apple would not have had the power to stop users from installing whatever kind of apps. Apple deleted several VPNs from its app store for China , thus using its own censorship power to strengthen that of the Chinese government. Apple used its censorship system to enforce Russian surveillance by blocking distribution of the LinkedIn app in Russia. This is ironic because LinkedIn is a surveillance system itself.
While subjecting its users to its own surveillance, it tries to protect its users from Russian surveillance, and is therefore subject to Russian censorship. Apple used its censorship system to enforce China's censorship by blocking distribution of the New York Times app. Apple censors games, banning some games from the cr…app store because of which political points they suggest.
Some political points are apparently considered acceptable. Apple banned a program from the App Store because its developers committed the enormity of disassembling some iThings. As of , Apple systematically bans apps that endorse abortion rights or would help women find abortions.
This particular political slant affects other Apple services. Apple has banned iThing applications that show the confederate flag. Not only those that use it as a symbol of racism , but even strategic games that use it to represent confederate army units fighting in the Civil War. This ludicrous rigidity illustrates the point that Apple should not be allowed to censor apps. Even if Apple carried out this act of censorship with some care, it would still be wrong.
Whether racism is bad, whether educating people about drone attacks is bad, are not the real issue. Apple should not have the power to impose its views about either of these questions, or any other. More examples of Apple's arbitrary and inconsistent censorship.
Apple used this censorship power in to ban all bitcoin apps for the iThings for a time. It also banned a game about growing marijuana , while permitting games about other crimes such as killing people. Perhaps Apple considers killing more acceptable than marijuana. Apple rejected an app that displayed the locations of US drone assassinations, giving various excuses.
After the fifth rejection, Apple admitted it was censoring the app based on the subject matter.
Information Systems/Operating Systems
Proprietary companies can take advantage of their customers by imposing arbitrary limits to their use of the software. This section reports examples of hard sell and other unjust commercial tactics by Apple. Apple Siri refuses to give you information about music charts if you're not an Apple Music subscriber.
These are situations in which Apple employs its power over users to directly intervene in ways that harm them or block their work.